Updated: Nov 5, 2020
Glaucoma is the name given to a group of eye conditions that cause damage to the optic nerve (the nerve that connects the eyes to the brain.) There are around 60 million people in the world currently living with glaucoma which makes it one of the leading causes of blindness.
PEOPLE WHO ARE AT RISK
The most common people at risk of glaucoma are as follows:
- People who have a family history of glaucoma.
- People who have been diagnosed with diabetes.
- People aged 40 or over.
- People who are short sighted (myopic).
- People who have had a serious injury or multiple surgeries to the eye.
- People who have used steriods regularly over a period of time.
- People who suffer with hypertension (high blood pressure).
WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS?
Glaucoma tends to develop slowly and often doesn't cause any noticeable symptoms until damage has already occurred. The following are symptoms some people might experience:
- Blurred, reduced vision starting at the peripheral vision.
- Seeing rings or rainbow coloured circles (or halos) around lights.
- Severe eye pain that comes on suddenly. This may be accompanied by redness and tenderness of the eye and surrounding area.
HOW CAN GLAUCOMA DAMAGE BE PREVENTED?
The best way to prevent the onset of glaucoma and the damage it can cause is to attend regular eye examinations, especially if you fall into the risk categories. Almost all glaucoma cases are spotted first by an optometrist and then treatment can begin to prevent further underlying damage.
If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms please contact us immediately so that we can put a treatment plan in place for you. To avoid glaucoma you should have your eyes tested regularly so if you are due your routine eye examination be sure to give us a call.